This is the "First Things First" page of the "Scholarly Citations--Samples" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Scholarly Citations--Samples  

Examples of all different sorts of citations formatted using Chicago Humanities/Turabian.
Last Updated: Oct 21, 2013 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

First Things First Print Page

Four facts to get you started

First--Chicago Humanities (Turabian) is a system of scholarly citation that uses foot- or end-notes and an optional bibliography.  You will need to ask you professor whether they prefer a bibliography. 

Second--If you include a bibliography, and it includes all works you have included in your foot- or end-notes, then you can use a shortened form of citation within your foot- or end-notes (see examples below).

Third--If, however, you are not including a bibliography, then the first time you mention one of your sources in your foot- or end-notes will need to include all the elements that make up a complete citation (see examples below).

Fourth--Tip for Perkins students:  some or our faculty have been known to ask for a full bibliography and a full first citation.  Please be sure you understand which your professor prefers.

For a more detailed discussion of the first three facts, see Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition, section 14.14 (p. 660).    Bridwell Ref Z 253 .U69 2010.


    Loading  Loading...